توسعه مدلی برای ارزیابی ریسک پروژه‏های ساخت مبتنی بر تئوری مجموعه اعداد راف

نوع مقاله: مدیریت سازمانی(چالشهای کسب وکار -اخلاق و مسولیت اجتماعی -تحول سازمانی - عملکرد سازمانی -ریسک)

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیئت علمی دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد مهندسی صنایع، دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان

چکیده

تصمیم‏گیری آگاهانه در صنعت ساخت، نقش به سزایی ایفا می‏کند. این صنعت با ریسک‏های مختلفی روبرو است که نادیده گرفتن آن‏ها می‏تواند باعث کاهش بازدهی و حتی شکست پروژه‏ها گردد. از سوی دیگر، عدم قطعیت موجود در ریسک‏ها و اطلاعات ناکافی در این زمینه، موفقیت پروژه‏ها را با ابهام مواجه می‏سازد. تمرکز این تحقیق بر روی ارزیابی ریسک پروژه‏های ساخت و انتخاب کم ریسک‏ترین پروژه می‏باشد. از طرف دیگر، ارزیابی ریسک خود شامل اظهارنظرهای شخصی و ابهاماتی می‏باشد. برای مقابله با این عدم قطعیت، رویکرد ارزیابی جدیدی بر پایه اعداد راف پیشنهاد شده است. روش پیشنهادی، شایستگی تئوری اعداد راف در رویارویی با ابهام و توانایی روش ویکور گروهی در مدل‏سازی و ارزیابی ریسک را با هم ترکیب می‏کند. همچنین روش پیشنهادی، در یک شرکت ساختمانی منتخب برای انتخاب کم ریسک‏ترین پروژه، جهت نشان دادن پتانسیل روش و کاربردی بودن آن، بکار گرفته شده است.کلمات کلیدی: صنعت ساخت، شناسایی ریسک، ارزیابی ریسک، روش ویکور گروهی، تئوری اعداد راف

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Developing a Construction Projects Risk Assessment Model Based on Rough Set Theory

چکیده [English]

Rational decision making plays an important role in construction industry. This industry faces a lot of risks that ignoring them, makes the projects less effective or even unsuccessful. Because of uncertainty in risks and inadequate information in this area, success of the projects dealing with ambiguity. This study mainly focuses on the risk evaluation of construction project risk and selecting the projects with minimum level of risk. Beside, evaluating project risk involves much subjectivity and vagueness. This study mainly focuses on the risk evaluation of construction project risk and selecting the projects with minimum level of risk. Beside, evaluating project risk involves much subjectivity and vagueness. To manipulate this uncertainty, a new approach on the basis of rough numbers proposed. To manipulate this uncertainty, a new approach on the basis of rough numbers proposed. This method integrated the merit of rough set theory in handling vagueness and the strength of group VIKOR process in modeling and assessing risk. Finally, an application in a construction company is provided to demonstrate the application and potential of the methodology. Finally, an application in a construction company is provided to demonstrate the application and potential of the methodology.
Keywords: Construction industry, Risk management, Group VIKOR method, Rough Set Theory.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Construction industry
  • Risk management
  • Group VIKOR
  • method
  • Rough Set Theory

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