طراحی مدل تحول استراتژیک در سازمانهای سلسله مراتبی: رویکرد نظریه داده بنیاد

نوع مقاله: مدیریت استراتژیک(استراتژهای منابع انسانی- استراتژی های تولید- استراتژی های سرمایه گذاری- استراتژی های بازار و رقابتی)

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت استراتژیک دانشکده مدیریت و اقتصاد دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهرانف ایران

2 استاد گروه مدیریت بازرگانی دانشکده مدیریت و اقتصاد دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران

3 استاد گروه مدیریت صنعتی دانشکده مدیریت و اقتصاد دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

در پژوهش­های حوزه مدیریت به­ویژه پژوهش­های استراتژیک، تحول استراتژیک اهمیت زیادی دارد. این امر برای حفظ مزیت رقابتی و بقای سازمانی طولانی مدت ضروری است. یکی از راه های کسب مزیت رقابتی این است که بتوانیم به سرعت خودمان را با تغییرات محیطی تطابق دهیم. از این­رو پژوهش حاضر به دنبال طراحی مدل تحول استراتژیک در سازمان­های سلسله مراتبی با رویکرد نظریه داده­ بنیاد گلیزری است. بدین منظور با 21 تن از خبرگان حوزه مدیریت استراتژیک در سازمان­های سلسله مراتبی مصاحبه عمیق انجام شد. نتایج حاصل از کدگذاری داده­ها منجر به تعیین سه مقوله پیشایندهای تحول استراتژیک، مولفه­های تحول استراتژیک و پیامدهای تحول استراتژیک شد. نتایج حاکی از آن است که عوامل فردی، عوامل سازمانی و عوامل برون سازمانی (محیطی) به عنوان پیشایند، رهبری استراتژیک، نوسازی استراتژیک، تدوین برنامه­ گذار، تعدیل و بازمهندسی ساختارها، ایجاد چشم­انداز مشترک، ترویج نگاه سیستمی، جانشین­پروری، برقراری سیستم­های تعالی، شفاف­سازی اطلاعاتی، برقراری سیستم­های نظارتی پیشرفته و تدوین استراتژی­های توانمندسازی روان­شناختی به عنوان مولفه­های تحول استراتژیک و همچنین تعالی سازمان، چابکی سازمان، قابلیت­های رقابت­پذیری و بالندگی کارکنان به عنوان پیامدهای تحول استراتژیک شناسایی شدند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Designing the Strategic Change Model in Hierarchical Organizations: Grounded Theory Approach

نویسندگان [English]

  • Farzad Esmaeili saloumahaleh 1
  • Asadollah Kordnaeij 2
  • Seyed Hamid Khodadad Hosseini 2
  • Adel Azar 3
1 Ph.D. Candidate of Strategic Management, Faculty of Management and Economics, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
2 Professor, Department of Business Management, Faculty of Management and Economics, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
3 Professor, Industrial Management department, Faculty of Management and Economics, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

In management research, especially in the field of strategic research strategic change is an important phenomenon which academics and researchers as well as businesses affirm its importance and necessity. This is necessary to maintain the competitive advantage and long-term organizational survival. One way to gain competitive advantage is to quickly adapt ourselves to environmental changes. Therefore, the present study seeks to design a strategic transformation model in hierarchical organizations with the Grounded theory approach. For this purpose, 21 experts from the field of strategic management in hierarchical organizations were selected and conducted a deep interview (non-structured) with them. Sampling was carried out using snowball technique. The results of data coding led to the identification of three categories, including strategic change antecedents, strategic change components and strategic change consequences. The results indicate that individual factors, organizational factors, and environmental factors are as the antecedents, Strategic Leadership, Strategic Renewal, Transition program codification, Structure reengineering and Modifying, Creating a shared vision, Systematic view, Successor, Creating Excellence Systems, Transparency, Establishing advanced monitoring systems and formulating psychological empowerment strategies as components of strategic transformation as well as organizational excellence, organization agility, Competitive capabilities and the growth of employees were identified as strategic change consequences.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Strategic Change
  • Strategic management
  • Hierarchical Organizations
  • grounded theory

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