بررسی بقای شرکت‌های تازه‌وارد صنایع برق‌و‌الکترونیک استان مازندران بر اساس ویژگی شرکتی و صنعت

نویسندگان

1 استاد گروه مدیریت صنعتی دانشگاه مازندران

2 کارشناسی ارشد مدیریت بازرگانی. دانشگاه مازندران

چکیده

ایجاد شرکت‌های تازه‌وارد، نقش کلیدی در تکامل و شکل‌دهی یک صنعت دارند و تأثیر مهمی بر بهره‌وری، نوآوری و تجدید صنایع خواهند گذاشت، لذا توجه و بررسی بقای شرکت‌های تازه‌وارد از اهمیت بالایی برخوردار می‌باشد. با توجه به نقش کلیدی اندازه شرکت، نرخ ورود به صنعت و نرخ رشد صنعت در عملکرد پس از تأسیس شرکت‌ها و پویایی صنعت، و نیز اهمیت صنایع برق‌و‌الکترونیک در توسعه‌ی اقتصادی کشور، هدف از تحقیق حاضر بررسی تأثیر این متغیرها بر بقای شرکت‌های تازه‌وارد صنایع برق‌و‌الکترونیک استان مازندران طی سال‌های 1360- 1390 می‌باشد. جمع‌آوری داده‌ها و اطلاعات از  طریق پایگاه داده سازمان صنعت، معدن و تجارت استان مازندران صورت‌ گرفته‌است. برنامه نرم‌افزاری winTDA[1] نیز جهت پردازش داده‌ها مورد استفاده قرار ‌گرفت. فرضیه‌ها به‌وسیله‌ی مدل نیمه‌پارامتریک رگرسیون Cox مورد آزمون قرار گرفتند. نتایج حاصل از مدل کوکس، رابطه مثبت اندازه شرکت و نرخ ‌ورود‌ به‌صنعت با بقا را مورد تایید قرار داد. اما رابطه معنی‌داری بین متغیر نرخ ‌رشد ‌صنعت و بقا بدست نیامد. به‌منظور بررسی بیشتر رابطه بین نرخ ورود به صنعت و بقای شرکت، از مدل ناپارامتریک برآوردکننده حد محصول(کاپلان‌ـ‌مایر) و رویکرد جدول عمر استفاده شد که نتایج حاصل از آن نیز رابطه مثبت بین نرخ ورود به صنعت و بقا را تایید کرد.



[1] Transition Data Analysis

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigation the Survival of Newcomer Companies in Electronic and Electric Industries of Mazandaran Province on Company and Industry Characteristic

نویسنده [English]

  • mehrdad Madhoushi 1
چکیده [English]

The establishment of new companies has a key role in evolution and formation of an industry and has an important effect on efficiency, innovation and revision of industry, so attention and analysis of the survival of newcomer companies are really important. Regarding the key role of the size of the company, the entrance rate to industry and the industrial growth rate in function after the establishment of companies and the industry dynamism and the importance of Electrical and Electronics industries in economic development of the country, the purpose of the research is analyzing the effects of these variables on the survival of new companies of Electrical and Electronics industries in Mazandaran province from 1981 to 2011. The data and information have been collected from the data base of Industry, Mining and Trade Organization of Mazandaran province. WinTDA software program has also been used for data processing. The hypotheses have been tested by the semi-parametric model of Cox regression. According to the results of Cox model, there is a positive relationship between the size of company and entrance rate to industry and the company survival. But there is no meaningful relationship between the industrial growth rate variable and the survival. The nonparametric model of product limit estimator (Kaplan-Meier) and life table approach have been used to analyze the relationship between the entrance rate to industry and the company survival. According to the results of the model, there is a positive relationship between the entrance rate to industry and the company survival.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Newcomer Companies
  • Firm size
  • Entrance Rate to Industry
  • Industry Growth Rate
  • Survival Analysis
-Akbari, Keramt Allah (1997), The Determination of Units of electronic industry in the  Fars Province. Master of Systems and Productivity Management, School of Electrical Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology. (In Persian)

-Andreb, H. J. (1985), Multivariate Analyze Historical Data. ZUMA methods texts, Vol (1). Mannheim: ZUMA.

-Andreb, H. J. (1992), Introduction to the History Data Analysis. Koln: Center for Historical Social Research.

-Arab Najafabadi, Mohsen (2011), Withdrawal and its influential factors in Iran Manufacturing Industry: A comparison of three cooperative sectors with public and private sectors, Faculty of Economics, Management and Accounting, Yazd University. (In Persian)

-Baggs, Jen, Beaulieu, Eugene and Fung, Loretta (2008), The Impact of Real Exchange Rate Movements on Service Sector Firms. University of Victoria.

-Beheshti. M.B, Senobar, Naser and Farzaneh, Hasan. (2009). Evaluation Factors affecting on net entry and exit of firms in the industrial sector of Iran.Journal of Economic Research. vol. 38, pp. 157-179. (In Persian)

-Blossfeld, H.P., & Rohwer, G. (2002). "Techniques of Event History Modeling". (2nd ed), Lowrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc. pp 4-37.

-Buzell, R.D. and Gale, B.T (1987), The PIMS Principles: Linking Strategy to Performance. Free Press, New York.

-Cefis, Elena, Marsili, Orietta (2006), Survivor: The role of innovation in firms’ survival. Research Policy, vol. 35, pp 626–641.

-Campos, N. & Iootty, M (2003), Firm Entry and Exit in Brazil: Cross-sectoral Evidence from Manufacturing Industry, pp1-20.

-Christie, Tamoyat and l. SjoquIist David (2012), New Business Survival in Georgia: Exploring the Determinants of Survival Using Regional Level Data. Growth and Change, vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 110–142.

-Dunne, T., M. J. Roberts, and L. Samuelson (1998), Patterns of Firm Entry and Exit in US Manufacturing Industries, The Rand Journal of Economics, vol.19, no.4, pp.495-515.

-Feize poor, Mohammad Ali; Saeeda Ardakani, Saeed and Poosh Dozbashi, Hanieh (2011), Evaluation effect of Life of small and medium enterprises in changes to employment. Journal of entrepreneurship, fourth, vol. 14, pp. 67-86. (In Persian)

-Feize poor, Mohammad Ali and Radmanesh, Saeedeh (2013), The distribution of Size of The manufacturing industries companies and its variations. Journal of Economic Research, vol 12(4), pp.125-153. (In Persian)

-Hasani parsa, Majid (2006), Proposed a general model of industrial policy, with emphasis on the electronics industry. Engineering Faculty. Tarbiat Modares University. (In Persian)

-Helmers, Christian and Rogers, Mark (2010), Innovation and the Survival of New Firms in the UK. Review of Industrial Organization, vol.36, pp. 227-248.

-Horwitz, Frank M., et al (2006), Human resource strategies for Managing Knowledge Workers: An Afrov Asian Comparative Analysis. International Journal of Human Resource Management, vol. 17, pp. 775-811.

-Huynh. Kim P, Petrunia, Robert J, Voia, Marcel C (2008), Startup Financial Conditions and Survival of New Firms. Paper to be presented at the DRUID 25th Celebration Conference 2008 on Entrepreneurship and innovation- organizations, institutions, systems and rigions. Copenhagen, CBS, Denmark. http://www2.economics.smu.edu.sg.

-Kato, M. (2008), Firm Survival and the Evolution of Market Structure: The Case of the Japanese Motorcycle Industry, Hitotsubashi University, Tokyo, JP.

-Klapper, Leora and Richmond, Christine (2011), Patterns of Business Creation, Survival and Growth (Evidence from Africa). Policy research working paper 5828. http://econ.worldbank.org.

-Lawless, J. F. (1982). Statistical Models and Methods for Lifetime Data. New York: Wiley.

-Madhoshi, Mehrdad and Nasiri Azar (2010), The influence of industry Characteristic on new firms surrival, Journal of Executive Management, 1(38), vol .10 (In Persian)

-Mirbagheri, Alireza, Tahmasebi, Hamoon, Hashemi, Ali (2010), Effective strategies in the knowledge-based maintenance staff, Institute for Humanities and Cultural Studies, Center for Humanities, Journal of Tadbir, 22-29. (In Persian)

-Prentice, R. L. (1978). Linear Rank Tests with Right-Censored Data. Biometrika, (65): 167 – 179.

-Rohwer, G., & Potter, U. (2002). TDA User’s Manual". Ruhr - University at Bochum. Fakultat fur Sozialwissenschaften, GB1. 44780 Bochum, Germany.

-Tarone, R.E. & Ware, J. (1977). On Distribution-Free Tests for Equality of Survival Distributions. Biometrika, (64): 156-160

-Walters, J. S. (2009). What is a Cox model? School of Health and Related Research (ScHARR), University of Sheffield, from http://www.whatisseries.co.uk.