ارائه مدلی برای استقرار سیستم تولید پایدار در صنعت قطعات پلاستیک خودرو: رویکردی تلفیقی از فراترکیب و مدلسازی ساختاری تفسیری

نوع مقاله: سیاستهای تولیدی(چابکی -پایداری -ناب -سبز -برون سپاری)

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه مدیریت صنعتی دانشگاه مازندران

2 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت گرایش تولید و عملیات -گروه مدیریت صنعتی دانشگاه مازندران

چکیده

انتظارات زیست محیطی، اجتماعی و اقتصادی ذینفعان شرکتها هر روز بیشتر می شود. همانند دیگر شرکتهای تولیدی، تولیدکنندگان قطعات پلاستیکی خودرو در برآورده نمودن این انتظارات با چالشهای متعددی مواجه هستند. یکی از مهمترین چالشها نحوه استقرار تولید پایدار در شرکتها می باشد، که هدف این تحقیق نیز می باشد. پژوهش حاضر در چند مرحله انجام شده است، بعد از شناسایی روشهای استقرار تولید پایدار، با بهره گیری از تکنیک فراترکیب روشها تلفیق شده اند. سپس با استفاده از روش مدلسازی ساختاری تفسیری، مدل مناسب استقرار برای این صنعت ارائه شده است. مرور مدلها و روشهای پیشنهاد شده سایر محققین نشان می دهد اغلب این روشها فاقد ابزار مناسب برای سنجش و اعتبار می باشند. در این تحقیق سعی شده است با تلفیق فراترکیب و مدلسازی ساختاری تفسیری، مدلی یکپارچه از اقدامات و مراحل استقرار تولید پایدار ارائه شود که دارای اعتبار بیشتری است. نتایج تحقیق نشان می دهد تامین زیرساختها پیش نیاز سایر اقدامات لازم برای استقرار پایداری است. در کنار زیرساختها، حمایت، شناخت و طراحی مجدد عوامل مستقل هستند. ارزیابی عملکرد، اصلاح و گزارش دهی عوامل وابسته هستند و ابلاغ، همکاری و اجرا عوامل پیوندی هستنند و اثرات عوامل مستقل را به عوامل وابسته منتقل می کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Presenting a model for Implementing Sustainable Manufacturing System in Automotive Plastic Parts Industry: A Hybrid meta-synthesis and Interpretive Structural Modeling Approach

نویسندگان [English]

  • Abdolhamid Safaei Ghadikolaei 1
  • Mohammad Aslam Hosseinbor 2
چکیده [English]

Environmental, social and economical expectations of stakeholders are increasing. In fulfilling these expectations, Automotive plastic parts producers like other businesses, face many challenges. One of the most important challenges is implementing sustainable manufacturing, which this research is aimed at. In addition, nearly all researches done in this field are conducted in foreign countries. At the First step in this study, sustainability implementation methods are identified from previous studies. Differences between methods were studied and, different methods were synthesized in several steps applying meta-synthesis approach. The method is one of best approaches for synthesizing qualitative researches. Afterwards, using interpretive structural modelling (ISM) suitable method for this industry is pointed out. Review of models and methods proposed by other researchers reveals that almost these methods are suggestions without using any statistical or mathematical techniques for validating these sections of their researches. In this study, we tried to incorporate meta-synthesis and interpretive structural modeling to present an integrated model of sustainable manufacturing practices and stages, which has more validity. The results show that Infrastructure is the base for other factors. In addition to infrastructure, Support, Identification and Redesign are independent factors. Factors such as Performance assessment, revise and reporting are dependent and factors like communication, execution and cooperation are linkage, which in turn, transfer the effects of independent factors to dependent factors.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Sustainable manufacturing
  • Sustainability implementation
  • Automotive plastic parts
  • Meta-synthesis
  • Interpretive structural modeling

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